The synergistic interaction between arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and phosphate solubilizing bacteria (PSB) can enhance growth and phosphorous uptake in plants. Since PSBs are well known hyphal colonizers we sought to understand this physical interaction and exploit it in order to design strategies for the application of a combined microbial inoculum. Phosphate-solubilizing bacteria strongly attached to the hyphae of Rhizoglomus irregulare were isolated using a two compartment system (root and hyphal compartments), which were separated by a nylon mesh through which AMF hyphae could pass but not plant roots. Allium ampeloprasum (Leek) was used as the host plant inoculated with R. irregulare. A total of 128 bacteria were isolated, of which 12 showed stable phosphate solubilizing activity. Finally, three bacteria belonging to the genus Pseudomonas showed the potential for inorganic and organic phosphate mobilization along with other plant growth promoting traits. These PSBs were further evaluated for their functional characteristics and their interaction with AMF. The impact of single or co-inoculations of the selected bacteria and AMF on Solanum lycopersicum was tested and we found that plants inoculated with the combination of fungus and bacteria had significantly higher plant biomass compared to single inoculations, indicating synergistic activities of the bacterial-fungal consortium.
The interaction between Rhizoglomus irregulare and hyphae attached phosphate solubilizing bacteria increases plant biomass of Solanum lycopersicum
Sharma, S.; Compant, S.; Ballhausen, M.-B.; Ruppel, S.; Franken, P. (2020). The interaction between Rhizoglomus irregulare and hyphae attached phosphate solubilizing bacteria increases plant biomass of Solanum lycopersicum. Microbiological Research 240 (2020) 126556.