Role of ethylene action in ethylene production and poststorage leaf senescence and survival of pelargonium cuttings.
This study investigated the role of ethylene action in ethylene production and in poststorage performance of pelargonium cuttings. Cuttings of zonal pelargonium (Pelargonium x hortorum L.H. Bailey) of the cultivars ‚Isabell‘ and ‚Mitzou‘ were treated with ethylene and with the ethylene action inhibitors 1-methylcyclopropene (MCP), silver-thiosulfate (STS) and silver nitrate (SN) and were stored in the dark at different temperatures (5, 12, and 20 degreesC) for 48 h. Ethylene concentrations in the storage boxes were monitored and poststorage leaf senescence, survival and root formation of cuttings were determined. Applications of MCP resulted in a significant increase of ethylene evolution by cuttings of both cultivars which was more pronounced with increasing storage temperature. After 48 h of storage at 20 degreesC, ethylene concentrations were more than 20-fold higher for the MCP-treated cuttings as compared to those of the untreated controls. Also preharvest applications of STS and SN increased ethylene evolution by cuttings, even though these effects were less pronounced. However, application of these inhibitors caused severe poststorage leaf injury. Application of ethylene during storage had no effect on subsequent leaf damage. Leaf senescence during rooting and decay of cuttings, which raised with increasing storage temperature, could only partially been reduced by MCP. The results strongly support the conclusion, that in zonal pelargonium cuttings, ethylene production is controlled by autoinhibition, and clearly indicate, that temperature dependent processes other than ethylene action are substantially involved in storage-induced leaf senescence and decay.
Kadner, R.; Druege, U. 2004. Role of ethylene action in ethylene production and poststorage leaf senescence and survival of pelargonium cuttings. Plant Growth Regulation 43(3), 187-196.