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Abstract

Rapid dereplication of microbial isolates using Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization Time-Of-Flight Mass Spectrometry

Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization Time-Of-Flight Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) has become one of the most popular methods for the rapid, cost-effective and accurate classification and characterization of cultivable microorganisms. Due to its simple sample preparation and short measurement time, MALDI-TOF MS is an excellent choice for the high-throughput study of microbial isolates from rhizospheres or plants grown under diverse environmental conditions. While clinical isolates have a higher identification rate than environmental isolates due to the focus of commercial mass spectral libraries on the former, no identification is necessary in the dereplication step of large environmental studies. The grouping of large sets of isolates according to their intact protein profiles can be performed without knowledge of their taxonomy. Thus, this method is easily applicable to environmental samples containing microorganisms from yet undescribed phylogenetic origins. The main strategies applied to achieve effective dereplication are, first, expanding existing mass spectral libraries and, second, using an additional statistical analysis step to group measured mass spectra and identify unique isolates. In this review, these aspects are addressed. It closes with a prospective view on how MALDI-TOF MS-based microbial characterisation can accelerate the exploitation of plant-associated microbiota.



Huschek, D.; Witzel, K. 2019. Rapid dereplication of microbial isolates using Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization Time-Of-Flight Mass Spectrometry: A mini-review. Journal of Advanced Research 19, 99-104.

DOI: 10.1016/j.jare.2019.03.007