Polysaccharide elicitors enhance anthocyanin and phenolic acid accumulation in cell suspension cultures of Vitis vinifera.
The effects of yeast extract and selected polysaccharide elicitors on secondary metabolite production, particularly of anthocyanin and phenolic acid, in cell suspension cultures of Vitis viniferawere investigated. All elicitors either maintained or promoted cell growth in culture. Overall, secondary metabolite production in V. vinifera cell suspension cultures responded differently to different elicitors. Chitosan, pectin, and alginate enhanced production of anthocyanin within 13 days of culture with levels of 2.5-, 2.5-, and 2.6-fold increase, respectively, over that of control. Chitosan, alginate, and gum arabic significantly promoted accumulation of phenolic acids, particularly 3-O-glucosyl-resveratrol, in V. vinifera cultures, as well as in the culture medium. Intracellular phenolic acid production was significantly enhanced by alginate and chitosan, with 1.7- and 1.5-fold levels, respectively, of that of control. Extracellular phenolic acid production was also significantly increased in the presence of chitosan and gum arabic, with levels of 3.3- and 1.7-fold higher, respectively, than those of control. In addition, DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl) radical scavenging activity was enhanced in the presence of elicitors, and this was positively correlated with increased accumulation of anthocyanin in V. vinifera cell suspension cultures.
Cai, Z.; Kastell, A.; Mewis, I.; Knorr, S.; Smetanska, I. 2012. Polysaccharide elicitors enhance anthocyanin and phenolic acid accumulation in cell suspension cultures of Vitis vinifera. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture 108 (3), 401-409.