Phytochemicals in fruit and vegetables: health promotion and postharvest elicitors.
Inverse associations between fruit and vegetable intake and chronic diseases, such as different types of cancer and cardiovascular disease, have been demonstrated in numerous epidemiological studies. Phytochemicals have been indicated to be responsible for this observed protective effect. Application of postharvest elicitors can trigger distinct changes in the plant’s secondary metabolism. Thus, targeted postharvest elicitor treatments may be used to obtain fruit and vegetables enriched with phytochemicals for sale as fresh market products or used as raw material for functional foods and supplements, thereby promoting higher consumption of these health-promoting substances.
Schreiner, M.; Huyskens-Keil, S. 2006. Phytochemicals in fruit and vegetables: health promotion and postharvest elicitors. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences 25 (3), 267-278.