The soil-borne pathogen Rhizoctonia solani infects a broad range of plants worldwide and is responsible for significant crop losses. Rhizoctonia solani AG3-PT attacks germinating potato sprouts underground while molecular responses during interaction are unknown. To gain insights into processes induced in the fungus especially at early stage of interaction, transcriptional activity was compared between growth of mycelium in liquid culture and the growing fungus in interaction with potato sprouts using RNA-sequencing. Genes coding for enzymes with diverse hydrolase activities were strongly differentially expressed, however with remarkably dissimilar time response. While at 3 dpi, expression of genes coding for peptidases was predominantly induced, strongest induction was found for genes encoding hydrolases acting on cell wall components at 8 dpi. Several genes with unknown function were also differentially expressed, thus assuming putative roles as effectors to support host colonization. In summary, the presented analysis characterizes the necrotrophic lifestyle of R. solani AG3-PT during early interaction with its host.
Necrotrophic lifestyle of Rhizoctonia solani AG3-PT during interaction with its host plant potato as revealed by transcriptome analysis
Zrenner, R.; Genzel, F.; Verwaaijen, B.; Wibberg, D.; Grosch, R. (2020). Necrotrophic lifestyle of Rhizoctonia solani AG3-PT during interaction with its host plant potato as revealed by transcriptome analysis. Scientific Reports 10, 12574;