Molecular analysis of C1 alleles in Zea mays defines regions involved in the expression of this regulatory gene.
The structure and function of several C1 alleles have been investigated molecularly and the importance of C1 promoter sequences for gene expression was studied using transient transformation assays. The C1 mutants analyzed were the overexpressing allele C1-S, the light-inducible allele c1-p, the null recessive allele c1-n, and the Ds element-induced allele c1-m1. Nucleotide sequence analysis of the alleles revealed a number of differences, predominantly located at the 3′ end of the gene. The promoter sequences of the C1 alleles investigated so far (including wild-type and the dominant inhibitor C1-I allele) are almost identical except for two short footprint-like sequences (Box I and Box II) close to the putative CAAT box. Northern blot experiments and transient expression in particle gun experiments indicate that these sequences may be correlated with the different expression patterns of the alleles in the aleurone of maturing and germinating kernels.
Scheffler, B.; Franken, P.; Schütt, E.; Schrell, A.; Saedler, H.; Wienand, U. 1994. Molecular analysis of C1 alleles in Zea mays defines regions involved in the expression of this regulatory gene. Molecular & General Genetics 242 (1), 40-48.