Interactive effects of high boron and NaCl stresses on subcellular localization of chloride and boron in wheat leaves.
Salinity and boron (B) toxicity often occur simultaneously and may have interactive effects on plant responses. This study aims at further investigating long-term effects of salinity, B toxicity and their combination on wheat plants. Plants grown in hydroponics were treated with 2.5 ?m H3BO3 (control), 75 mm NaCl, 200 ?m H3BO3 or 75 mm NaCl + 200 ?m H3BO3 and were analysed on a subcellular level 6 weeks after germination. Shoot fresh and dry weight (DW), water content, transpiration rate and osmolality were reduced, while Na+ and Cl? concentrations increased under salinity stress. However, Cl? was reduced in all compartments by an additional application of B toxicity. At adequate B supply, NaCl increased apoplastic and symplastic soluble B concentrations, whereas the total B content remained unchanged. At high B level, however, soluble and total B was reduced by additional salt stress. Despite this antagonistic effect of a combined salt and B toxicity stress on Cl? and B concentrations, an additive effect was observed regarding shoot fresh weight reduction. Our results confirm an alleviating effect of the combined stresses on toxic ion concentrations, which did not prevent additive growth reductions.
Masood, S.; Wimmer, M. A.; Witzel, K.; Zörb, C.; Mühling, K. H. 2012. Interactive effects of high boron and NaCl stresses on subcellular localization of chloride and boron in wheat leaves. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science 198 (3), 227-235.