Influence of the chemical structure on the thermal degradation of the glucosinolates in broccoli sprouts.
Glucosinolates are secondary plant metabolites occurring in Brassica vegetables. Food processing significantly reduces glucosinolate content, among other things due to thermal degradation. As there is only
little information about thermal glucosinolate breakdown, the influence of the chemical structure as well
as the influence of different pH to thermal degradation of individual glucosinolates was studied by analysing
desulphoglucosinolates with HPLC-DAD. Thermal degradation was forced by heating broccoli sprouts at 130 C in dry medium, whereas the influence of the pH was studied by cooking at 100 C in aqueous medium. Within each group of glucosinolates differences in thermal degradation were revealed. Within the sulphur containing aliphatic glucosinolates the oxidative state of the sulphur atom as well as the side chain length influenced the reactivity. Among the indole glucosinolates great differences in stability were observed. A hydroxyl function in the side chain generally seems to destabilise glucosinolates. Glucosinolates were most stable towards thermal treatment in neutral and slightly acidic medium,
whereas they degraded more rapidly in basic medium.
Hanschen, F.S.; Rohn, S.; Mewis, I.; Schreiner, M.; Kroh, L.W. 2012. Influence of the chemical structure on the thermal degradation of the glucosinolates in broccoli sprouts. Food Chemistry 130 (1), 1-8.