Impact of hydroxylated and non-hydroxylated aliphatic glucosinolates in Arabidopsis thaliana crosses on plant resistance against a generalist and a specialist herbivore.
Abstract Glucosinolates (GSs) are part of a two-component defence system, characteristic for the Brassicales,
including the model species Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. The defence activity of GSs is associated with different side chain structures. The AOP genes are central inside-chain modification. AOP2 mediates formation of alkenyl GS from a methylsulfinyl precursor, whereas AOP3 catalyzes production of hydroxy-alkyl GSs from the same precursor. Although several studies have assessed the role of GSs in plant defence, the function of specific aliphatic GSs in plant defence is still not clarified. Structural different GSs may influence insect herbivores differentially. We created a set of plant lines derived of a cross between two A. thaliana accessions, Gie-0 9 Sap-0, which dominantly accumulate either 3-methylsulfinylpropyl GS or 3-hydroxypropyl GS. The generalist Spodoptera exigua (Hübner)(Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and the crucifer-specialist Pieris brassicae (L.)(Lepidoptera: Pieridae) were used as model insects, to study effects of individual aliphatic GSs on lepidopteran herbivores
with a different feeding specialization. However, the
experiments revealed that weight gain of S. exigua and P. brassicae third and fourth-larval instars was similar on both chemotypes. But leaf consumption of the generalist was higher on 3-methylsulfinylpropyl-producing lines with low GS levels (23.2 lmol g-1) than on 3 hydroxypropylproducing lines that contained a more than twofold higher
amount of GSs (60 lmol g-1). In contrast, no differential
effects of non-hydroxylated and hydroxylated GSs were found on the specialist P. brassicae. Our study indicates that there is no simple relationship betweenGScontent and insect
Rohr, F.; Ulrichs, C.; Schreiner, M.; Nguyen, C. N.; Mewis, I. 2011. Impact of hydroxylated and non-hydroxylated aliphatic glucosinolates in Arabidopsis thaliana crosses on plant resistance against a generalist and a specialist herbivore. Chemoecology 21 (3), 171-180.