Glucosinolates in mixed-packages mini broccoli and mini cauliflower under modified atmosphere.
Contents of total and individual glucosinolates of mini broccoli cv. Milady and mini cauliflower cv. Clarke were assessed to determine the effect of modified atmosphere packaging on postharvest glucosinolate dynamics of mixed mini Brassica vegetables. Therefore, mixed-packaged mini broccoli and mini cauliflower stored in food trays sealed with two different microperforated biaxial-oriented polypropylene films for up to 7 days at 8 degrees C were analyzed. The results indicate that modified atmosphere at 8% O2 + 14% CO2 was a suitable gaseous combination to maintain aliphatic and indole glucosinolates in mini broccoli for 7 days after an initial decrease at 4 days. In contrast, modified atmosphere at 1% O2 + 21% CO2 resulted in the best retention of indole glucosinolates of mini cauliflower for 7 days and also of aliphatic glucosinolates after an initial decrease at 4 days. Thus, to maintain glucosinolates and external appearance and to prevent off-odor, mini broccoli and mini cauliflower should be packed separately in suitable altered gas composition.
Schreiner, M.; Peters,P.; Krumbein, A. 2006. Glucosinolates in mixed-packages mini broccoli and mini cauliflower under modified atmosphere. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 54 (6), 2218-2222.