Effects of environmentalfactors on carotenoid content in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L. Mill.) grown in a greenhouse.
Tomatoes are an important source of lycopene in the human diet. The effect of temperature (15°C -24 °C), CO2 supply (380 – 1000 ppm) and nutrient concentration measured as electrical conductivity of the nutrient solution (EC, 2 -9 dS m-1) on the content of carotenoids (lycopene, ß-carotene) were investigated in two tomato cultivars grown in a greenhouse. The cherry tomato cultivar Supersweet was characterised by higher lycopene contents than the conventional round tomato ’Counter’. The results indicated that temperature has a significant influence on the biosynthesis of lycopene and ß-carotene during ripening. A temperature above 20°C seems to be optimal for lycopene production in the investigated cultivars, whereas a decrease to 15°C diminished the lycopene content. Neither CO2 supply nor EC increase affected the carotenoid content under the conditions investigated.
Krumbein; A.; Schwarz, D.; Kläring, H.-P. 2006. Effects of environmental factors on carotenoid content in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L. Mill.) grown in a greenhouse. Journal of Applied Botany and Food Quality. 80 (2), 160-164.