Differential RNA accumulation of two b-tubulin genes in arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi.
RNA was isolated from spores of different arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi and used for RT-PCR with degenerate primers for beta-tubulin genes. PCR products were cloned and the sequence of several clones was analysed for each fragment. Comparison of sequences identified two loci for beta-tubulin genes with different GC content and codon usage. Btub1 sequences were most similar to beta-tubulin genes from the Oomycota, while Btub2 sequences showed highest similarity to sequences from the Zygomycota. RT-PCR experiments were carried out to monitor RNA accumulation patterns of Btub1 and Btub2 in asymbiotic germinating spores and in symbiotic extraradical hyphae of three different AM fungi. This indicated that Btub1 is constitutively expressed in Gigaspora rosea, but down-regulated during symbiosis in Glomus mosseae and Glomus intraradices. In contrast, Btub2 showed constitutive expression in the two Glomus species, but down-regulation in G. rosea. Further analysis of different fungi indicated that Btub2 primers could be used to specifically monitor RNA accumulation of AM fungi in environmental samples.
Rhody, D.; Stommel, D.; Roeder, C.; Mann, P.; Franken, P. 2003. Differential RNA accumulation of two b-tubulin genes in arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Mycorrhiza 13, 137-142