A novel plant-based-sea water culture media for in vitro cultivation and in situ recovery of the halophyte microbiome.
The plant-based-sea water culture medium is introduced to in vitro cultivation and in situ recovery of the microbiome of halophytes. The ice plant (Mesembryanthemum crystallinum) was used, in the form of juice and/or dehydrated plant powder packed in teabags, to supplement the natural sea water. The resulting culture medium enjoys the combinations of plant materials as rich source of nutrients and sea water exercising the required salt stress. As such without any supplements, the culture medium was sufficient and efficient to support very good in vitro growth of halotolerant bacteria. It was also capable to recover their in situ culturable populations in the phyllosphere, ecto-rhizosphere and endo-rhizosphere of halophytes prevailing in Lake Mariout, Egypt. When related to the total bacterial numbers measured for Suaeda pruinosa roots by quantitative-PCR, the proposed culture medium increased culturability (15.3-19.5%) compared to the conventional chemically-synthetic culture medium supplemented with (11.2%) or without (3.8%) NaCl. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing, representative isolates of halotolerant bacteria prevailed on such culture medium were closely related to Bacillus spp., Halomonas spp., and Kocuria spp. Seed germination tests on 25-50% sea water agar, indicated positive interaction of such bacterial isolates with the germination and seedlings’ growth of barley seeds.
Saleh, M.Y.; Sarhan, M.S.; Mourad, E.F.; Hamza, M.A.; Abbas, M.T.; Othman, A.A.; Youssef, H.H.; Morsi, A.T.; Youssef G.H.; El-Tahan, M.; Amer, W.A.; Fayez, M.; Ruppel, S.; Hegazi, N.A. 2017. A novel plant-based-sea water culture media for in vitro cultivation and in situ recovery of the halophyte microbiome. Journal of Advanced Research.