Susceptibility of different plant species and tomato cultivars to two isolates of Pepino mosaic virus.
As Pepino mosaic virus has become a pathogen of major importance in worldwide tomato production, information is needed on possible differences between the sensitivity of cultivars towards infection. Furthermore, it is important what hosts other than Solanaceae may be virus reservoirs and are, therefore, threats for tomato cultivation. Two PepMV isolates (PepMV-Sav, E397, a European tomato isolate and PV-0554, a Peruvian pepino isolate) differing in their origin and virulence were used for several experiments to investigate these issues. The response to mechanical inoculation with PepMV was studied using 25 tomato cultivars, seven indicator plant species, and nine other possible horticultural host plants. Symptom development after infection with PepMV was monitored and the virus was detected by DAS-ELISA and IC-RT-PCR. Garlic and broad bean were shown to be additional hosts of PepMV depending on the virus isolate. Nicotiana benthamiana seems to be the most sensitive indicator among all tested indicator plants developing symptoms. Both PepMV isolates infected all tested tomato cultivars. Development of disease symptoms depended on the cultivar and the virus isolate but symptoms were not visible in all cases. None of the cultivars showed tolerance against the two isolates but two responded with a lower susceptibility at an absorbance level of 0.2 (healthy control 0.09). It was observed that some cultivars grown hydroponically showed also lower losses in biomass and yield. Data indicated a correlation between absorbance level in DAS-ELISA and reduction in total tomato growth.
Fakhro, A.; von Bargen, S.; Bandte, M.;. Büttner, C.; Franken, P.; Schwarz, D. 2011. Susceptibility of different plant species and tomato cultivars to two isolates of Pepino mosaic virus. European Journal of Plant Pathology 129 (4) 579-590.