Old and endangered tomato cultivars under organic greenhouse production: effect of harvest time on flavour profile and consumer acceptance.
The influence of two different harvest times (optimal and 4 days earlier) on thirty flavour compounds, titratable acid and sugars as well as consumer acceptance of four old and endangered tomato cultivars (‘Ananas’, ‘Auriga’, ‘Green Zebra’ and ‘Lukullus’) was analysed. In most cases, cultivar type had a greater effect on the volatiles profile than harvest times. Sugar contents were mostly higher at optimal harvest compared with early harvest, whereas acid content was in most cases not affected by harvest time. Consumers perceived differences in several visual and sensory aspects between cultivars as well as harvest times. The optimal harvest was regularly preferred to or at least regarded as equal to the early-harvest time. Sensory evaluation was poorly related to the aroma volatile profile and only partly to the acid and reducing sugar contents of tomatoes. This was probably owing to the special external characteristics of the tomatoes: differing in size, shape and colour from the ‘normal’ red types.
Klein, D.; Gkisakis, V.; Krumbein, A.; Livieratos, I.; Köpke, U. 2010. Old and endangered tomato cultivars under organic greenhouse production: effect of harvest time on flavour profile and consumer acceptance. International Journal Food Science and Technology 45, 2250-2257.