Metabolic potential and community structure of endophytic and rhizosphere bacteria associated with the roots of the halophyte Astertripolium L..
The submitted work assumes that the abundance and diversity of endophytic and rhizosphere microorganisms co-existing with the halophytic plant Aster tripolium L. growing in a salty meadow in the vicinity of a soda factory (central Poland) represent unique populations of cultivable bacterial strains.
Endophytic and rhizosphere bacteria were (i) isolated and identified based on 16S rDNA sequences; (ii) screened for nifH and acdS genes; and (iii) analyzed based on selected metabolic properties. Moreover, total microbial biomass and community structures of the roots (endophytes), rhizosphere and soil were evaluated using a cultivation-independent technique (PLFA) to characterize plant–microbial interactions under natural salt conditions.
The identification of the isolated strains showed domination by Gram-positive bacteria (mostly Bacillus spp.) both in the rhizosphere (90.9%) and roots (72.7%) of A. tripolium. Rhizosphere bacterial strains exhibited broader metabolic capacities, while endophytes exhibited higher specificities for metabolic activity. The PLFA analysis showed that the total bacterial biomass decreased in the following order (rhizosphere < soil < endophytes) and confirmed the dominance of Gram-positive endophytic bacteria in the roots of the halophyte.
The described strain collection provides a valuable basis for a subsequent applications of bacteria in improvement of site adaptation of plants in saline soils.
Szymańska, S.; Płociniczakb, T.; Piotrowska-Segetb, Z.; Złocha, M.; Ruppel, S.; Hrynkiewicza, K. 2016. Metabolic potential and community structure of endophytic and rhizosphere bacteria associated with the roots of the halophyte Astertripolium L.. Microbiological Research 182, 68-79.