Impact of the PGPB Enterobacter radicincitans DSM 16656 on growth, glucosinolate profile and immune responses of Arabidopsis thaliana.
Plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) affect plant cellular processes in various ways. The endophytic bacterial strain Enterobacter radicincitans DSM 16656 has been shown to improve plant growth and yield in various agricultural and vegetable crops. Besides its ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen, produce phytohormones, and solubilize phosphate compounds, the strain is highly competitive against native endophytic organisms and colonizes the endorhizosphere in high numbers. Here, we show that E. radicincitans inoculation of the noncrop plant Arabidopsis thaliana promotes plant growth. Furthermore, high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis revealed that bacterial inoculation slightly decreased amounts of aliphatic glucosinolates in plant leaves in a fast-growing stage but increased these compounds in an older phase where growth is mostly completed. This effect seems to correlate with developmental stage and depends on the nitrogen requirement. Additionally, nitrogen deficiency studies with seedlings grown on medium containing different nitrogen concentrations suggest that plant nitrogen demand can influence the intensity of plant growth enhancement by E. radicincitans. This endophyte seems not to activate stress-inducible mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs). Analyzing transcription of the defense-related genes PR1, PR2, PR5, and PDF1.2 by quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) revealed that E. radicincitans DSM 16656 is able to induce priming via salicylic acid (SA) or jasmonate (JA)/ethylene (ET) signaling pathways to protect plants against potential pathogen attack.
Brock, A.K.; Berger, B.; Mewis, I.; Ruppel, S. 2013. Impact of the PGPB Enterobacter radicincitans DSM 16656 on growth, glucosinolate profile and immune responses of Arabidopsis thaliana. Microbial Ecology 65, 661-670.