Growth and photosynthetic response of tomato to nutrient solution concentration at two light levels.
An increase in nutrient solution concentration to produce high-quality fruit vegetables, such as tomatoes, may reduce growth and yield. One reason might be inhibition of photosynthesis, but results of photosynthesis studies in the literature are inconsistent. In this study, we investigated growth and photosynthesis of whole tomato plants [Lycopersicon esculentum (L.) Mill. cvs. Celebrity and Counter] in response to nutrient solution concentration, measured as electrical conductivity (EC). The effects of two levels of photosynthetic photon flux density (PPF=400 or 625 µmolm-2s-1) on plant response to nutrient solution EC in a range between 1.25 – 8.75 dSm-1 in a series of four experiments in gas exchange chambers placed in larger growth chambers were examined. Increasing PPF enhanced tomato growth and photosynthesis but increasing EC diminished them. Reduction of dry weight was 1.9 % to 7.3 %, while plant photosynthesis was reduced between 1.7 % and 4.5 % for each 1 dSm-1. Increasing EC did not decrease dry matter content and leaf photosynthesis. Mean plant dry matter content ranged between 70 and 95 gkg-1, and net leaf photosynthesis on the last measurement day was between 7.5 and 11.3 µmolm-2s-1, depending on experiment. The decrease in whole plant photosynthesis with an increase in EC was caused by decreased leaf area but not by a decrease in leaf photosynthesis.
Schwarz, D.; Van Iersel, M.W.; Ingram, K.T.; Kläring, H.-P. 2002. Growth and photosynthetic response of tomato to nutrient solution concentration at two light levels. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 127 (6), 984-990.