Development of a specific PCR assay for the detection of Rhizoctonia solani AG 1-IB using SCAR primers.
Aims: The aim of this study was to develop a specific and sensitive identification method for Rhizoctonia solani AG 1-IB isolates based on phylogenetic relationships of R. solani AG-1 subgroups using rDNA-internal transcribed spacer (rDNA-ITS) sequence analysis.
Methods and Results: A neighbour-joining tree analysis of 40 rDNA-ITS sequences demonstrated that R. solani AG-1 isolates cluster separately in six subgroups IA, IB, IC, ID, IE and IF. A molecular marker was generated from a random amplified polymorphic DNA fragment (RAPD). After conversion into a sequence-characterized amplified region (SCAR), a specific primer set for identification of subgroup AG 1-IB was designed for use in a polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The primer pair amplified a single DNA product of 324 bp.
Conclusions: R. solani AG-1 subgroups were discriminated by sequence analysis of the ITS region. The designed SCAR primer pair allowed an unequivocal and rapid detection of R. solani AG 1-IB in plant and soil samples.
Significance and Impact of the Study: Sequence analysis of the rDNA-ITS region can be used for differentiation of subgroups within AG-1. The use of the developed SCAR primer set allowed a reliable and fast identification of R. solani AG 1-IB and provides a powerful tool for disease diagnosis.
Grosch, R.; Schneider, J.H.M.; Peth, A.; Waschke, A.; Kofoet, A.; Franken, P.; Jabaji-Hare, S. H. 2007. Development of a specific PCR assay for the detection of Rhizoctonia solani AG 1-IB using SCAR primers. Journal Applied Microbiology 102 (3), 806-819.